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Analysis of Equity Investments: Valuation
Publisher: Assn for Investment Management &
Publication Date: 2002-08-01
Number of pages: 318
The book does not simply deliver a collection of valuation models, but challenges the reader to determine which models are most appropriate for specific companies and situations. This book contains many real-life worked examples and problems with complete solutions. In addition, the examples and problems reflect the global investment community.
Chapter 1 describes how an analyst approaches the equity valuation process.
Chapter 2 begins with the basic John Burr Williams dividend discount model (DDM) and discusses the derivation of the required rate of return within the context of Markowitz and Sharpe’s modern portfolio theory (the capital asset pricing model).
Chapter 3 shows how the DDM approach can be modified to a free cash flow (FCF) approach. Considerable attention is devoted to forecasting FCF and its relationship both to the firm (FCFF) and to equity (FCFE).
Chapter 4 takes a somewhat different approach to equity valuation by using Graham and Dodd–type concepts of earning power and associated "Market Multiples." The most familiar of these is probably the price-to-earnings ratio, but there is also merit to using price to book value, price to sales, price to cash flow, enterprise value to EBITDA, and price to dividends.
In Chapter 5, the authors present residual income models. The authors demonstrate how to calculate residual income and discuss the accounting adjustments necessary to estimate single-stage and multistage residual income valuation.